How to Sing Low Notes: 5 Exercises to Sing REALLY Low
Can I level with you guys for a minute?
The topic we’re covering today—how to sing low notes—is painfully near and dear to my heart.
Well, as you may know, tenor is the highest male voice type.
And I’m a super high tenor!
Actually, when I first started singing low notes, hitting low notes felt sort of like scraping the very bottom of my voice.
I mean, it was hard!
But however hard low notes can be, being able to expand vocal range upwards and downwards is a crucial part of singing.
Today we’ll talk about where low notes come from, how to sing them, and (most importantly) how to sound great singing them.
Then we’ll go over 5 of my favorite exercises to practice hitting low notes with a full and rich sound.
By the way, if you’d prefer a video to walk you through all of the exercises on hitting low notes check this out:
Where Do Low Notes Come From?
But to really understand low notes and what makes them a bit difficult, let’s briefly discuss the vocal cords.
Low notes occur when your vocal cords are vibrating slowly.
When do vocal cords vibrate slowly? When they are thick and slack.
As you can see here, vocal cords make themselves thicker or thinner depending on what sound you want to vocalize.
They also slacken themselves, which just means that they are not as tight as usual.
If you’ve ever had laryngitis, you may have noticed your voice getting lower over the course of several days.
I know I did when I had it!
This happens because your vocal cords get filled with water and become thick and slack as a result.
In fact, here’s a funny video of me as I contracted laryngitis over three days. Notice how every day, my voice got deeper and deeper.
That’s because as my vocal cords filled with fluid (called “edema” in medical terms), the cords vibrated more slowly. This resulted in a lower pitch.
You can see this same thing on any stringed instrument.
Check out the low E string on a guitar, or crack open a piano and look at the strings on the left side of the keyboard.
You’ll see that the thicker strings always make lower notes.
Alternatively, try stretching and plucking a rubber band and you’ll instantly see that its pitch goes up when it’s stretched thin and tight.
There’s actually a cool little mathematical formula for the vibration of a string.
We don’t need to get into that right now, but basically the thinner and tighter a string is, the faster it vibrates.
The faster it vibrates, the higher the pitch becomes.
So, on the flip side,thicker, and slacker strings (or vocal cords) produce low notes.
Can You Learn To Sing Low Notes?
Many singers ask me whether they can learn to hit higher notes.
While it’s true that you can learn to sing lower notes, most of the time, I encourage my students to hit higher notes.
That’s because it’s so much more important in today’s music to learn to hit high notes without falsetto, rather than just croaking out a few lower notes in vocal fry.
But you may be wondering if YOU can learn to sing lower notes.
Here’s the answer:
Thanks everyone! That concludes today’s lesson (kidding).
Okay, the real answer here is: yes, to a point.
Let’s think about a guitar string again.
Even on a bass guitar, you can hit high notes by tightening the string and playing at the really high frets.
So long as the string doesn’t break, you can make it tighter and tighter and reach as high a pitch as you want.
Likewise, singers can practice stretching their vocal cords and add a little bit more to their high notes.
All singers have a limit, obviously, but they can keep pushing that limit by thinning and tightening their vocal cords just a bit more every day.
But with low notes?
Nah, sorry. Doesn’t work that way.
The lower end of your vocal range is limited. There’s a physical limit to how thick and slack your vocal cords can get.
Again, it’s like a string.
You can loosen a guitar string and lower the pitch to a point, but eventually it can’t get any slacker. The pitch won’t go any lower.
Once you get below a certain point, the vocal cords just relax completely and air bubbles through creating a croaky sound known as “vocal fry”.
In the same way, human vocal cords can only go so low and still sound “normal”.
Don’t get me wrong: it’s still super important to practice your lower notes!
Tons of songs use low notes and you need to be able to hit them when they come up.
So today’s lesson is all about looking at those lower notes in your voice and making the best of what you have.
Trust me, as someone who has struggled with low notes in the past, I can tell you that they’re well worth the effort!
Before we jump into the exercises, I do want to warn you against the most common problem singers have with low notes.
Here’s what you need to know:
The #1 Mistake Singers Make with Low Notes:
I see this one big mistake more than anything else when teaching low notes.
People want to drop their larynx.
In case you’re not familiar, the larynx is the hollow muscular organ in your throat where your vocal cords are located.
It’s also known as your “voice box” or your “Adam’s apple”.
You can raise and lower your larynx using your neck muscles. Whenever you yawn, for example, your larynx will be pushed down a little.
Now, lots of beginning singers want to raise their larynx for high notes and drop it for low notes.
Some people try to sing low notes by pushing their entire larynx way down towards their windpipe.
They end up sounding really funny, kind of dopey, like Yogi Bear or Goofy.
Don’t make this mistake!
But one thing is for sure: dropping your larynx to hit low notes makes them sound weird.
In other words, it doesn’t sound like your normal voice.
Here’s why that is:
When the larynx goes that low, the vocal cords actually start to loosen and come apart.
A lot of extra breath starts flowing through your larynx, and the notes lose a lot of vocal tone.
We all know that breathing for singing is super important, but when your larynx gets pushed down that far, it’s too much of a good thing.
So our goal today is to hit those low notes without descending into cartoon-bear territory.
We’ll practice singing from high to low in our regular voice, with a full, beautiful, and rich tone on every note.
The name of the game is to keep your larynx balanced and resting in a comfortable position, without pushing it too low or high.
My 5 Favorite Exercises
These exercises are all geared towards helping you sing low notes while resisting the temptation to drop your larynx.
1. “Speak” the Low Notes
This first exercise is more of a mental shift than anything else, but it’s still a great way to start practicing low notes.
Here’s what I want you to try:
Rather than ‘singing’ your low notes, try to ‘speak’ them.
Well, most people have a singing voice that is different from their speaking voice.
The singing voice is prettier, more songful, uses more vibrato, and is more musical in general.
This makes sense. Normally, when we sing, we want to make our notes sound pretty, right?
The problem is that focusing on that pretty and songful quality causes you to lose tone at the lower notes.
So instead, when you’re first trying to sing those lower notes try to “sing” with your speaking voice!
1. Forget about the musicality of your notes for a second.
2. Try to ‘speak’ notes on pitch.
3. Ideally, you’ll notice that when you “speak-sing” the notes a bit more, the notes are much easier.
Even if it’s not as “pretty” as your singing voice, this “speakiness” in those low notes will help you access lower notes than you thought possible.
To test this out, you might start from the 5th of a scale and descend to the tonic while speaking the long “e” syllable on each note.
It would go something like this:
“EE, EE, EE, EE, EEEEE.”
That will probably sound weird, a little ugly, and, well, not like real singing.
And that’s the point.
By focusing on the low notes and not how pretty those notes sound, you will maintain a rich tone and avoid that weak and breathy sound that comes from dropping your larynx.
Please see my video for more explanation on singing versus speaking notes:
Speaking of the larynx…
2. Watch Your Larynx
In our second exercise, the goal is simple: try to be more aware of what your larynx is doing.
There are two main ways to do this.
1. Watch your larynx in the mirror as you sing or…
2. Feel your larynx by gently pressing your thumb and index finger up against your neck, just past your chin.
Both of these tricks will allow you to see and feel your larynx move as you shift from low to high notes.
Remember, the big mistake everyone makes is letting their larynx drop when they try to reach the low notes.
But the goal is to keep the larynx balanced.
It will always move a little bit, but resist the temptation to push your larynx too far down (or up, when doing high notes).
If you feel yourself pushing it too far, keep it easy, keep it in your ‘speaking voice’, and just allow the low notes to come in naturally.
Feel free to check out this video on for more info on watching your larynx and singing without straining:
3. The 5-Tone Descending “ee”
Now that you understand a couple ways of hitting low notes better, let’s do some vocal exercises to get you even further down there.
In the third exercise, we’re going to sing a 5-Tone scale where you come down or “descend” from the top note down to the bottom note.
1. Start from the 5th of the major scale.
2. Sing with the long “ee” vowel, in your speaking voice, like we discussed in exercise 1.
3. Singing “ee” for every note, walk down to the 1.
4. As you do, watch and feel your larynx and don’t let it drop too far.
In solfege, this would be:
Sol, Fa, Mi, Re, Do.
In sheet music, it would look like this:
Why “ee”, you ask?
Well, a lot of other vowels like “Ah” and “Uh”—the open or ‘chesty’ vowels, as some people call them—tend to cause our larynx to drop when singing low notes.
Seriously, try it: hold your fingers to your larynx and try switching from an “ee” to an “Ah” vowel while holding the same low note.
You should feel your larynx descend a little bit on the “Ah” vowel, even though the pitch is the same for both vowels.
While open vowels like “Ah” or “Uh” use more chest voice and seem like the logical choice for low notes, the closed vowels like “ee” are actually much better for keeping your larynx balanced.
So, sing the five descending notes of the scale and make sure not to start too high.
Our goal is to walk down to low notes, so pick a starting note such that the 1 of the scale is at the low end of your range.
Do this several times in a row.
You might notice that this exercise is quite a workout!
After the first couple times, your voice might be getting a little tired.
But, even though it might be getting tough, resist the urge to push with a lot of volume or let your larynx drop.
Just keep your voice relaxed and your larynx balanced, maintain vocal control, and slowly walk down to the low notes every time.
This exercise is kind of like vocal yoga: it’s a real workout, but your focus should be on balance and control, not brute strength.
Like any workout, the more you do it, the easier it becomes!
4. The 5-Tone Descending “ooh”
We’re going to do the exact same thing as in exercise 3, but this time with an “ooh” vowel.
Again, why “ooh” rather than another vowel like “Oh” or “Eh”?
Because the resonance for an “ooh” vowel is much lower than the slightly more open vowels.
This allows you to sing a bit lower than the other vowels will.
Here’s how you do it:
1. Start from the 5th note of a scale.
2. Using “ooh”, walk down to the 1.
3. Like before, watch and feel your larynx and don’t let it drop too far.
After “ee”, “ooh” is the narrowest vowel we typically use as English speakers.
And just like “ee”, “ooh” is great for singing low notes with a full vocal tone and avoiding that dull, dopey quality we talked about earlier.
Again, try to ‘speak’ the “ooh” instead of ‘singing’ it.
This exercise gets tough for me after a couple of rounds!
But it really is a fantastic way to practice hitting those low notes with a full and rich tone, all while balancing your larynx.
Stay relaxed, speak the “ooh”, and don’t push too hard.
Remember, it’s vocal yoga: you want balance, control, and tone.
Brute force is not the answer.
Please check out this video below for an explanation of how using the correct vowels can help you avoid strain:
5. Sing Songs with Low Notes
Hey, great job everyone!
If you’ve made it this far, you may have been wondering something:
“Practicing low notes with closed vowels and our ‘speaking voice’ is great and all, but the point is to sing, right?”
And you’d be right!
So, in this last exercise, we’re going to actually sing low notes in a real song.
But this is exactly where most singers go wrong.
You can do vocal exercises all day to get to those lower notes. But when singing a song, so many singers will go back to their old habits for hitting lower notes.
Sure, you may be able to do it on an “ee” and “ooh” vowel beautifully, but when you sing a song, you may just drop your larynx too much.
So what’s the solution?
Well as you know, most of the time when you sing songs, you have to sing vowels other than just “ooh” and “ee” down there.
So if you know that those exercises help you a lot, here’s a great trick you can use.
Sing lows notes in songs better by narrowing the vowels.
By this I mean that we’ll try substituting big open vowels like “Ah” or “ih” with closed vowels that are easier to sing low.
Narrowing the vowels is one of the best ways to apply the lessons of these exercises to an actual song.
Here’s what you do:
1. Pick a song you like that has low notes in it.
2. Find the low notes you’re having trouble with and identify what vowel sounds are used on those notes.
3. Replace the open vowels with the vowel that’s closest to it but just a little bit narrower.
If you’re not sure, which vowel is narrower than the one in the song, check out this helpful graph with all the vowels:
They’re arranged from most closed (“beet” and “boot”) to most open (“bat” and “bot”).
Simply take the song lyric that you’re trying to sing better and move up one vowel sound on the chart.
This will make the low notes easier to sing at low pitches.
Let’s take a look at the example of Take Me To Church by Hozier.
Hozier is a Baritone, and sings some notes in his songs that are quite low for Tenors.
But remember, it’s important to train and stretch to hit those low notes as well as the high notes.
In the song, Hozier sings a D3 on the word “giggle” in the first verse.
When he sings “she’s a giggle at a funeral” he reaches way down on the word “giggle.”
For Hozier’s luxurious baritone voice, that’s not a problem.
But for someone with a higher voice (like me!), that low note can be quite a stretch.
So let’s apply what we’ve learned.
If the low note occurs on the vowel “ih” in “giggle”, let’s move up the vowel chart to the next narrowest vowel.
In this case, we’ll replace “giggle” with “geegle,” which uses the closed “ee” vowel.
Obviously, you won’t want to sing the song like this forever.
But if you practice the song while narrowing the vowels on the low notes, you’ll be able to switch back to the ‘correct’ vowels.
You’ll be amazed at how much fuller and richer your tone becomes on those low notes!
If you’re still a little confused, please check out my video demonstration below:
Congratulations! By now, you should know exactly where low notes come from and how to get them in your own voice.
Low notes can be challenging as far as singing techniques go, so serious props for sticking with these exercises.
Like I said, I’ve had plenty of trouble with low notes in the past.
But if I can do it, so can you!
The key is constant, daily practice.
No matter what, stay relaxed, keep your larynx balanced, and don’t push or strain your voice.
Do this and you’ll be singing full and powerful low notes in no time.
Feel free to check out my full Master Your Voice course for more tips and tricks on low notes, high notes, and everything in between.